I believe that area charts are especially useful when used through faceting. It allows to quickly find out the different patterns existing in the data. This example relies on a pandas data frame. We have 2 numerical variables (year and value of something), and a categorical variable (the country). The area charts are created using the fill_between() function of matplotlib. The faceting is made using the awesome FacetGrid() utility of seaborn. The parameter given to the FacetGrid() are:

  • data : Tidy (“long-form”) dataframe
  • col : Variables that define subsets of the data, which will be drawn on separate facets in the grid
  • hue : Variables that define subsets of the data, which will be drawn on separate facets in the grid
  • col_wrap : “Wrap” the column variable at this width, so that the column facets span multiple rows
# libraries
import numpy as np
import seaborn as sns
import pandas as pd
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
# Create a dataset
my_count=["France","Australia","Japan","USA","Germany","Congo","China","England","Spain","Greece","Marocco","South Africa","Indonesia","Peru","Chili","Brazil"]
df = pd.DataFrame({
"country":np.repeat(my_count, 10),
"years":list(range(2000, 2010)) * 16,
# Create a grid : initialize it
g = sns.FacetGrid(df, col='country', hue='country', col_wrap=4, )

# Add the line over the area with the plot function
g = g.map(plt.plot, 'years', 'value')
# Fill the area with fill_between
g = g.map(plt.fill_between, 'years', 'value', alpha=0.2).set_titles("{col_name} country")
# Control the title of each facet
g = g.set_titles("{col_name}")
# Add a title for the whole plot
g = g.fig.suptitle('Evolution of the value of stuff in 16 countries')

# Show the graph


Contact & Edit

👋 This document is a work by Yan Holtz. You can contribute on github, send me a feedback on twitter or subscribe to the newsletter to know when new examples are published! 🔥

This page is just a jupyter notebook, you can edit it here. Please help me making this website better 🙏!